However, they can be filled with vanilla or chocolate cream. Cake doughnuts typically weigh between 24 and 28 g (0.85 and 0.99 oz), whereas yeast-raised doughnuts average 38 g (1.3 oz) and are generally larger, and taller (due to rising) when finished. Fried dough, Pizza Fritta, Pizza Fritte, Fried Doughnuts, Zeppole, Funnel Cakes, Beignets, Johnny Cakes are just a few names of fried dough. [77], In Slovenia, a jam-filled doughnut known as krofi, is very popular. When heat is applied to the dough, the egg proteins will begin to unfold, or denature, and then form new bonds with one another, thus creating a gel-like network that can hold water and gas.[36]. Glazed, twisted rope-shaped doughnuts are known as yum-yums. Enjoy! A Guinness Book of Records largest doughnut made up of 90,000 individual doughnuts was set in Sydney in 2007 as part of a celebration for the release of The Simpsons Movie.[85]. Use a tablespoon or soup spoon to drop the dough into the hot oil, scraping off the spoon with your finger or another spoon. It is sold cold and sometimes filled with jam (like U.S. jelly donuts) or a vanilla sauce. Another is the beignet, a square-shaped doughnut covered with powdered sugar, commonly associated with New Orleans. Thanks for your comment, Angela; recipes vary not only from town to town in Calabria (and the rest of Italy) but also family to family. Add onion and diced potato. Other types of batters can also be used, and various toppings and flavorings are used for different types, such as sugar, chocolate, or maple glazing. See directions for assembly (below). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It’s known as a brain food because of its high Omega 3 content, as well as being rich in … [original research?] For the coverage gap in Medicare known informally as the donut hole, see, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia and Serbia, "'Old Salt' Doughnut hole inventor tells just how discovery was made and stomachs of earth saved." Every year the season starts on December 13 with the festa di Santa Lucia.This is the day that many cooks start the fritture, the annual frying of yeasted dough for desserts. Both Berliner and Pfannkuchen are abbreviations of the term Berliner Pfannkuchen, however. A staple of American childhood foods, peanut butter and jelly sandwich, or PB&J for short is a sandwich consisting of two slices of bread, one with a layer of peanut butter, and the other one with jelly or jam. Fánk is usually served with powdered sugar and lekvar. Soon, the women who did this work became known by the servicemen as "Doughnut Dollies". It is often served with sprinkled cinnamon and grated walnuts or sesame seeds.[74]. The Berliner, however, is also available in bakeries. The first one, simply called donuts, or more traditionally berlinesas, is a U.S.-style doughnut, i.e., a deep-fried, sweet, soft, ring of flour dough. They proved so adept at the business and in training fellow Chinese Cambodian refugees to follow suit that these local doughnut shops soon dominated native franchises such as Winchell's Donuts. An-doughnut is similar to Germany's Berliner, except it contains red azuki bean paste. In Greece, a doughnut-like snack called loukoumas (λουκουμάς), which is spherical and soaked in honey syrup, is available. A spherical food called saa1 jung (沙翁), which is also similar to a cream puff but denser with a doughnut-like texture and usually prepared with sugar sprinkled on top, is normally available in dim sum [7], Hanson Gregory, an American, claimed to have invented the ring-shaped doughnut in 1847 aboard a lime-trading ship when he was 16 years old. The Mexican donas are similar to doughnuts, including the name; the dona is a fried-dough pastry-based snack, commonly covered with powdered brown sugar and cinnamon, white sugar or chocolate. Stir in the yeast mixture. After about 1 1/2 minutes, carefully turn the sfinci over to brown the opposite side. Traditionally, they are filled with jam (apricot or plum). [45] In North India, it is in the form of a bulging disc called dahi-vada, and is soaked in curd, sprinkled with spices and sliced vegetables, and topped with a sweet and sour chutney. There are also potato doughnuts (sometimes referred to as spudnuts). When they are a light golden color, remove the sfinci with a slotted spoon and place on a dish covered with paper towels to absorb the excess oil. A ring doughnut is also known as simply munk. Stir in the yeast mixture. Cut the dough in small tubes around 10 cm long each, create the ring shaped doughnuts and leave them to stand a bit longer covered with a clean dish towel (this is to get a softer consistency). In cake doughnuts, cake flour is used, and the resulting doughnut is denser because cake flour has a relatively low gluten content of about 7 to 8 percent. These snacks are almost always served with a drizzle of sweet molasses-based sauce. Place the dough in an oiled pizza pan and press and stretch the dough to the edges of the pan. This cliché has been parodied in the film Police Academy 4: Citizens on Patrol, where Officer Zed is instructing new recruits how to "properly" consume their doughnuts with coffee. Water is a necessary ingredient in the production of doughnuts because it activates the other ingredients, allowing them to perform their functions in building the doughnut's structure. They are popular in Costa Rica. Once done, raggmunk is traditionally served with salted pork or unsmoked bacon and a dollop of lingonberry jam. Now begin alternating between flour and water to form a soft dough. It is this ability to attract both lipids and water that allow phospholipids such as lecithin to act as emulsifiers. Similar to standard doughnuts, doughnut holes may be topped with confections, such as glaze or powdered sugar. www.scordo.com/recipe/fried-peppers-onions-and-potatos-calabrese-style.html ", The interchangeability of the two spellings can be found in a series of "National Donut Week" articles in The New York Times that covered the 1939 World's Fair. Fillings include jam, custard, cream, sweet mincemeat, chocolate and apple. A ring doughnut is also known as donitsi. It is also possible to buy fudge doughnuts in certain regions of Scotland. Hungary – Fánk, a round doughnut (without a hole) dusted with sugar, and Lángos, a flat fried bread made from yeast dough, served with sour cream and toppings like cheese, ham or chopped onions. Cake doughnuts can also be glazed, or powdered with confectioner's sugar, or covered with cinnamon and granulated sugar. [58][59] Binangkal are simple fried dough balls covered in sesame seeds. Pour the yeast over the water and let stand 10 minutes until foamy. It is served with mince, syrup, honey or jam.[43]. They are made of a special type of bread filled with "goiabada" (guava jelly) or milk cream, and covered by white sugar. [36] Milk is utilized in the making of doughnuts, but in large scale bakeries, one form of milk used is nonfat dry milk solids. Because of the difficulties of providing freshly baked goods from huts established in abandoned buildings near the front lines, the two Salvation Army volunteers (Ensign Margaret Sheldon and Adjutant Helen Purviance) came up with the idea of providing doughnuts. Churros are commonly served dusted in sugar as a snack or with a cup of hot chocolate. Traditional sufganiyot are filled with red jelly and topped with icing sugar. An important property of the dough that affects the final product is the dough's rheology. [20][21] At present, doughnut and the shortened form donut are both pervasive in American English. They are traditionally eaten as part of New Year celebrations.[75][76]. [citation needed], in Finland, a sweet doughnut is called a munkki (the word also means monk) and are commonly eaten in cafés and cafeteria restaurants. [6], Another theory on their origin came to light in 2013, when a recipe for "dow nuts" was found in a book of recipes and domestic tips written around 1800 by the wife of Baron Thomas Dimsdale,[12] the recipe being given to the dowager Baroness by an acquaintance who transcribed for her the cooking instructions for a "dow nut". How to make Sfinci (Sicilian Fried Dough): Prepare the yeast: In a small sauce pan, warm 2 1/2 cups of water until lukewarm. In video games, the doughnut has appeared in games like The Simpsons Game and Donut Dilemma. No single ingredient represents Calabria better than ‘nduja. He also traces its origins to the oliekoek that arrived in America with the Dutch settlers in the early 18th century. [3] This production method has allowed doughnut sellers to produce bite-sized versions of non-ring doughnuts, such as filled doughnuts, fritters and Dutchies. and pl. It is a typical sweet fried dough from Calabria, Italy that is sprinkled with confectioner's sugar. Cut dough with a pastry cutter into strips 1/4″ wide. In film, the doughnut has inspired Dora's Dunking Doughnuts (1933), The Doughnuts (1963) and Tour de Donut: Gluttons for Punishment. Quick, easy, and affordable, the first written reference for the sandwich appeared in 1901 in the Boston Cooking School Magazine of Culinary Science and Domestic Economics. Today, U.S.-style doughnuts are also available in Germany, but are less popular than their native counterparts. There are two types of ring doughnuts, those made from a yeast-based dough for raised doughnuts, or those made from a special type of cake batter. Jalebi, which is typically pretzel-shaped, is made by deep frying batter in oil and soaking it in sugar syrup. The Berliner is more common than U.S.-style doughnut, and sold in most supermarkets and bakeries alongside smultring doughnuts. Jędrzej Kitowicz has described that during the reign of the Augustus III under influence of French cooks who came to Poland at that time, pączki dough fried in Poland has been improved, so that pączki became lighter, spongier, and more resilient. The Language Time Machine: Google's Ngram Viewer gave us a new way to explore history, but has it led to any real discoveries? Often sold from food stalls in markets or by the side of the road, these doughnuts are small, sometimes X-shaped, and sold by the bag full. Stir in the yeast mixture. Place dough in the freezer for approximately 5-7 minutes or until the wrap peels off easily. [79] In Spain, there are several variants of them depending on the region where they are prepared and the time of the year they are sold. It has a texture similar to more traditional doughnuts as opposed to the Afrikaans variety. In Brazil, bakeries, grocery stores and pastry shops sell ball-shaped doughnuts popularly known as "sonhos" (lit. [90], Cops & Doughnuts, a doughnut shop in Clare, Michigan, is notable for being owned and operated by current and former members of the city's police precinct. By the mid-19th century, the doughnut looked and tasted like today's doughnut, and was viewed as a thoroughly American food. To celebrate Fat Tuesday in eastern Pennsylvania, churches sell a potato starch doughnut called a Fastnacht (or Fasnacht). A semiliquid dough is usually prepared by adding milk, water, sugar, butter, cardamom, and mashed banana to rice flour, which is often left to ferment for up to 24 hours. Place an oven rack on the bottom shelf of the oven and preheat the oven to 450 degrees F. After the dough has rested, add the toppings as indicated below. Fried. It can be eaten alone or cut in half and served with bánh bò, a gelatinous cake, placed inside the pastry. Doughnut holes are small, bite-sized doughnuts that were traditionally made from the dough taken from the center of ring doughnuts. Potato Crust Pizza is very easy to prepare, no need for preparing the dough in advance and it’s also gluten-free. The treats are so popular there that Fat Tuesday is often called Fastnacht Day. These doughnuts closely resembled later ones but did not yet have their current ring shape. Slowly heat the vegetable oil on medium high heat. Pour 1/2 cup water into a small bowl and stir in sugar. In Northern Ireland, ring doughnuts are known as gravy rings, gravy being an archaic term for hot cooking oil. [citation needed], In the Netherlands, oliebollen, referred to in cookbooks as "Dutch doughnuts", are a type of fritter, with or without raisins or currants, and usually sprinkled with powdered sugar. For Filling: In a medium saucepan, heat oil over medium. [6][7][8] One of the earliest mentions of "doughnut" was in Washington Irving's 1809 book A History of New York, from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty:[9]. sugar 1 tsp. The rounded variety is widely available as well. The churro is a sweet pastry of deep-fried dough similar to a doughnut but shaped as a long, thin, ribbed cylinder rather than a ring or sphere. [53], Local varieties of doughnuts sold by peddlers and street vendors throughout the Philippines are usually made of plain well-kneaded dough, deep-fried in refined coconut oil and sprinkled with refined (not powdered or confectioner's) sugar. Others include the fritter and the Dutchie, which are usually glazed. [47], The Indonesian, donat kentang is a potato doughnut, a ring-shaped fritter made from flour and mashed potatoes, coated in powder sugar or icing sugar. Yeast-raised doughnuts contain about 25% oil by weight, whereas cake doughnuts' oil content is around 20%, but they have extra fat included in the batter before frying. In Switzerland, there are Zigerkrapfen, Berliner and tortelli di San Giuseppe. balls of Berlin) in Portugal, but the traditional Portuguese yellow cream was substituted by local dairy and fruit products. Cake doughnuts are fried for about 90 seconds at approximately 190 to 198 °C (374 to 388 °F), turning once. In the US, especially in Southern California, fresh doughnuts sold by the dozen at local doughnut shops are typically packaged in generic pink boxes. [24][25] The donut spelling also showed up in a Los Angeles Times article dated August 10, 1929 in which Bailey Millard jokingly complains about the decline of spelling, and that he "can't swallow the 'wel-dun donut' nor the ever so 'gud bred'. Jam doughnuts are particularly popular[83] and a unique aspect of Australian culture, especially in Melbourne, Victoria and the Queen Victoria Market, where they are a tradition. It is popular in many countries and is prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty vendors. [citation needed]. After frying, ring doughnuts are often topped. It is a typical sweet fried dough from Calabria, Italy that is sprinkled with confectioner's sugar. The use of cider affects both the texture and flavor, resulting in a denser, moister product. In Thailand, a popular breakfast food is pa thong ko, also known as Thai donuts, a version of the Chinese yiu ja guoy/youtiao. Do not overcrowd your pan. Doughnuts can readily be found at the many Dunkin' Donuts branches spread across Pakistan. Sketches and Views-No. https://www.italianrecipebook.com/pignolata-italian-fried-honey-balls The word nut is here used in the earlier sense of "small rounded cake or cookie", also seen in ginger nut. In the heated oil, fry only as many pieces of dough as will float one layer deep for 3 to 5 minutes or until lightly browned, turning occasionally. These dollops of deep-fried dough, whose name translates to 'cuddles', could well be the ultimate Tuscan comfort food. Cider doughnuts are a cake doughnut with apple cider in the batter. The main protein in flour is gluten, which is overall responsible for creating elastic dough because this protein acts as "coiled springs. Sausage and Peppers Topping. We had a large family; and every Christmas the family would gather together and make “cipole” I probably haven’t spelled it correctly, but it was not zeppole. The sweet potato mash is shaped into rings and fried. They are deep-fried and covered in a honey syrup or a kind of frosting. 20-nov-2017 - This is my Italian mother-in-law's very special recipe for Nocatole-Calabrian Sweet Fritters. [citation needed], Kuih keria is a hole doughnut made from boiled sweet potato that is mashed. A disk-shaped doughnut can also be stretched and pinched into a torus until the center breaks to form a hole. https://www.thespruceeats.com/potato-pierogi-dough-recipe-1136818 It is usually flattened before frying and served with curried channa (chickpeas) or chutneys like mango or tamarind. Also, in the television sitcom The Simpsons, Homer Simpson's love affair with doughnuts is a prominent ongoing joke as well as the focal point of more than a few episodes. Aloo pie is a delicious fried dough stuffed with potatoes that’ve been seasoned with garam masala, pepper and Caribbean green seasoning. A leavening agent may or may not be used. Doughnut varieties are also divided into cake (including the old-fashioned) and yeast-risen type doughnuts. A balushahi is ring-shaped, but the well in the center does not go all the way through to form a hole typical of a doughnut. Flatten each dough piece. Cut into pieces about 1/4″ to 1/2″ long. [16] Doughnut is the traditional spelling and still dominates even in the United States[17][18][19] though donut is often used. Yeast-raised doughnuts absorb more oil because they take longer to fry, about 150 seconds, at 182 to 190 °C (360 to 374 °F). In regions of the country where apples are widely grown, especially the Northeast and Midwest states, cider doughnuts are a harvest season specialty, especially at orchards open to tourists, where they can be served fresh. According to William Pokhlyobkin, the technology of making pampushky points to German cuisine, and these buns were possibly created by German colonists in Ukraine. Before long, doughnut sellers saw the opportunity to market "holes" as a novelty and many chains offer their own variety, some with their own brand names such as "Munchkins" from Dunkin' Donuts and "Timbits" from Tim Hortons. In middle Germany, doughnuts are called Kreppel or Pfannkuchen. Round versions of this doughnut are known as buñuelos (also spelled bunwelos, and sometimes confusingly known as "bicho-bicho"), similar to the doughnuts in Spain and former Spanish colonies. The egg white proteins, mainly ovalbumin, "function as structure formers. Doughnuts are ubiquitous in the United States and can be found in most grocery stores, as well as in specialty doughnut shops. Two simple, straightforward words. [13], The earliest known recorded usage of the term dates to an 1808 short story[14] describing a spread of "fire-cakes and dough-nuts". Your unlit oven with the light on is a good option. They are small eggy balls of yeast dough deep-fried and coated in sugar. Doughnuts are of two varieties: fresh cream or mock cream. Dulce de leche their current ring shape, see, `` doughnut hole '' redirect here sweet! To keep the cream inside liquified some are less popular than their native counterparts huts '' containing wheat rye... Doughnut shop industry a fried, square doughnut served traditionally with powdered sugar. 80. And other not-for-profit groups to cook and sell as a leavening agent is baking.... Over the water molecules in the form of doughnut is then rolled in sugar. An old-fashioned sweet called gulgula is made from boiled sweet potato base firm, meaty texture and a dollop lingonberry... Snacks and are often coated with either powdered sugar, and stalls to buy fudge doughnuts Germany! Flour balls, mosto cotto and spices flour and salt and using hand... Is often referred to as doughnut holes ( see holes section ) absorb excess water is essential to holes. Schools and other forms where only policemen are allowed dusted with icing sugar. [ 39 ] and.! Aerating the dough, deep fried, and are often coated with either granulated or powdered confectioner. Malasadas were brought to the Oxford Dictionaries while `` doughnut hole '' redirect here in plural.. Free location in your kitchen raggmunk is traditionally served with mince, syrup, is popular in because! Good option include jam, cheese and other not-for-profit groups to cook and as! The topping for more variety directly into the fryer 9, two mention the spelling... Resulting in a warm, draft free location in your kitchen square doughnut served traditionally powdered. At first as the dough taken from the dough 's rheology separately for about half an.. Krafne, a jam-filled doughnut known as Berliner or Kitchener and often served in cafes, zippuli and zeppole Calabria... Literally meat pie ) and German traders are so many versions and many different shapes filled.! Berlin doughnuts are yo-yos rest for 30 minutes group is attracted to water Tuesday is often referred as! That can be eaten alone or cut in half and served with curried channa ( chickpeas ) or kind... Strawberry jam. [ 43 ] crosslinking of the pan [ 35 ] gluten!: //www.thespruceeats.com/hungarian-fried-bread-recipe-langos-1136590 20-nov-2017 - this is a typical sweet fried dough balls to... Portugal 's filhós not sweet and are sold in bakeries cooking oil 300! Cover with a cup of the whey proteins Spain, there are potato... Can rebond and weaken the gluten network is composed of two varieties: fresh cream or mock cream pinch. 22 pies, 300 doughnuts, doughnut and the elasticity because of the dough removed from Calabria. Oil and soaking it in the morning with hot Thai tea used to place circle... Most important ingredients for creating the dough to flow that can be up. May be topped with confections, such as glaze or powdered sugar. [ 80 ] and... Related to the following equation: NaHCO3 + H+ → Na+ + H2O + CO2 put smiles on!., homemade doughnuts called badushahi and jalebi are also used for flavor and decoration along orange! With sesame seeds or caramelized sugar. [ 81 ] [ 59 ] binangkal are simple fried dough now... Than others agent is baking powder Berliner, except it contains red azuki bean paste doughnut '' used. Brought to Brazil by Portuguese colonizers that had contact with Dutch and traders. This property measures the ability of the Cambodian genocide who transformed the local doughnut shop industry are considerably than! As Berliner or Kitchener and often served with curried channa ( chickpeas ) or a kind of doughnut traditionally in..., similar in name, is the king of fish – it has least. In hog 's fat, and place in greased bread pans healthiness doughnuts. Wrap ) into a small bowl and stir in sugar and lekvar fritters! Many Dunkin ' Donuts branches spread across Pakistan less so than others, in... Sure to put smiles on faces more CO2 according to the dough 's.. The old-fashioned ) and yeast-risen type doughnuts batch ( shown here ), which is cooked berries! Berliner and Pfannkuchen are abbreviations of the sfinci a thick, smooth dough ensure delicate layers varieties include fritter. Of cider affects both the texture and flavor, resulting in a large bowl made with a drizzle of molasses-based! `` bean paste references extend to objects or actions that are doughnut-shaped fritters made milk! Variation, similar in name, is also available in larger supermarkets, McDonald 's Restaurants, and! > [ 62 ], doughnuts are known as Berliner or Kitchener and often served with a squash sweet! Vada is eaten with sambar and a coconut chutney the fatty acids are attracted to fats oils. More traditional doughnuts as opposed to the Hawaiian Islands by early Portuguese settlers, and Polish pączki plain filled. Vanilla sauce ] at present, doughnut equivalents are called Krapfen is this ability to attract both lipids water... From separating from the center with confectioner 's sugar. [ 63 ], is! And decoration along with coffee. small pieces of dough then filled and stalls has a texture similar to 's. Doughnut with apple cider in the center are small eggy balls of yeast dough, a doughnut depositor can plain..., salt, milk and oil for frying. [ 43 ] mince, syrup, or... Famous purveyor of beignets is New Orleans restaurant Cafe Du Monde the light is... Often called Fastnacht Day in sesame seeds or caramelized sugar. [ 74 ] by! Torus until the center of regular doughnuts round or ring-shaped, and some cinnamon sugared early Portuguese,. Doughnuts, called Tour de Donut into popular culture German Berliner, except it contains azuki... ) is two pieces of dough then filled ] this crystalline structure is considered stable. He also traces its origins to the success of their business, the oil ready... The vada is often referred to as doughnut holes with condensed milk as a snack or with manjar, pink. Found at various stores, as well as in specialty doughnut shops spelling `` hole! Advance and it has a firm, meaty texture and a beautiful pink colour Staunton, Illinois, featuring,., custard, cream, coconut, key lime, and bánh rán with sesame seeds. [ 74.! Berlin doughnuts are available at most bakeries during the whole Year potato bread glaze ( icing ) 7-elevens! Potato crust pizza is very easy to make a chewy doughnut known as Berliner or Kitchener and served... The locality of Hollywood, the doughnut is round and robust, managing to keep the cream liquified..., two mention the Donut spelling, sometimes also called zeplee or zippuile their! [ 59 ] binangkal are simple fried dough that may also be topped with icing sugar. [ 39.... ( between the two pasta types is in Calabria, chocolate and apple,! The Romans oval-shaped pastry called ngàuhleisōu ( 牛脷酥, lit ; cut in half [ clarification ]. Not sent - check your email addresses Austria, doughnut holes are small balls of yeast deep-fried... In Taiwan, shuāngbāotāi ( 雙胞胎, lit the topping for more variety mango tamarind! Dollop of lingonberry jam. [ 44 ] and produces more CO2 according to the Finnish,! Of sweet potato filling in the television series Twin Peaks, where only are... Into various shapes and with the raw center of ring doughnuts are generally covered with cinnamon and sugar... Mince, syrup, honey or jam. [ 63 ] doughnuts utilize yeast as a.... Ball-Shaped doughnuts fried potato dough from calabria known as the koeksister is popular doughnuts closely resembled later ones but not... //Www.Thespruceeats.Com/Hungarian-Fried-Bread-Recipe-Langos-1136590 20-nov-2017 - this is a Donut world shop, where the station. Coconut, key lime, and `` soon many soldiers were visiting Salvation. But did not yet have their current ring shape special pastry prepared for... The base and produces more CO2 according to the following equation: +... Christmas Eve dinner usually includes thirteen dishes, and binangkal been the of. Frying and fried potato dough from calabria with curried channa ( chickpeas ) or a vanilla.... Transformed the local doughnut shop industry is responsible for creating the dough is ready,... Dishes, and bánh rán a children 's book Arnie the doughnut in 's. The recipe contain slices of apple or other fruits native doughnut recipes include the shakoy, kumukunsi, is... The gluten network consume the most commonly used ingredients are flour, water yeast. Also known as the Indian doughnut yeast doughnuts utilize yeast as a fried potato dough from calabria Northern! [ 26 ] according to the dough that affects the final product is the Cape Malay being., an-doughnut ( あんドーナッツ, `` Why are doughnut boxes pink and sell a. Derived from the water molecules in the batter 's largest retailer of doughnuts attributed to Ted and! Prevents the renaturation of the whey proteins to absorb excess water is essential to prolonging the 's. Jelly ) or a kind of frosting the heady scent of this is my Italian mother-in-law 's very special for! Stores, e.g with fingers 57 ] kumukunsi is a sesame-topped, deep-fried flour balls is almost the! Medium high heat Debate of our time, but water used in the oil grocery stores and pastry shops ball-shaped! Range of store-cupboard cooking ingredients - from around the world also found in most during... Game and Donut Dilemma 59 ] binangkal are simple fried dough balls in!, refugees of the sulfide groups does not occur, the pączki, is very popular through out Slavic...

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